Camera de Comerț și Industrie Brașov -
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At 1850, March  30th, into Imperial Legislative Bulletin  (Allgemeines Reichs - Gesetz - und Regierungsblatt für das Kaiserthum Oesterreich) was published the provisional  Law  regarding the establishment of the Chambers of Commerce and Industry, ratified by the Emperor at 1850, March 18th.

Through this Law, vital for the Austrian state, were established 60 such Chambers: Brasov and Cluj being the headquarters of those two Transylvanian Chambers.

The Law had five parts: miscellaneous; about election and duration of members and substitute members; regarding the president,  auxiliary personal  and internal rules; about expenses; transitory disposals, 42 paragraphs and finally the list  of the Chambers  which were to be established.

The activity domain of this Chambers was limited at commercial and economics items; the Chambers representing the body through which “the economy and commerce in territory makes known their problems and desires to the Commerce Ministry”.  Also, the Chambers were obliged, as intermediary, to support the Commerce Ministry efforts in order to promote commercial exchanges. 

The Chambers was the only authorized body able to protocols and commercial contracts endorsement, setting-up the share stock companies. 

The Chambers had the capacity of commercial arbitration, according to the Law and parties agreements; had the possibility to takeover the arbitration also in case of work conflicts between employee and employer. The arbitral decisions were final if both parties had agreed the result.

Preparative – in order to establish the Brasov Chamber

Applying the Law, at 1850, April, 26th, the Transylvanian Govern ordered the registration of merchants and industrials voting. 

At 1850, the 21st of October started the votes counting finalized at December the 30th when the final results were posted.   

At 1851, the 20th of January held on the festivities of Brasov Chamber of Commerce and Industry opening in the presence of officials, headed by Franz von Salmen, the Saxon committee with role of governmental commissar and a numerous public. 

 

Economic overview of the area of Brasov Chamber of Commerce and Industry at its establishment 

 

Agriculture: 3.407.945 productive acres land and 1.174.055 non-productive acres land.

The main inhabitant’s occupation from Hungarian areas was forestry and wood exploitation.

Livestock was an important occupation of the time: goats, pigs and sheep from Bran area. 

Industry: craftsman organized in guilds, specialized on furriers, tailors.

Around Brasov were about 20 wool laundries.

The commerce was a “pearl” of the city, so the Tara Barsei was the only area of Transylvania with a positive balance.

 

The Brasov Chamber’s activity from establishment till 1867

The economic development of the Chamber’s area was stopped by the competition of the developed country from the Western Europe sending them products on water to Galati and Braila Ports. The vessels leaved the country full of cereals, so this exchange performed while England eliminate customs taxes for cereals trade.
One of the first demands of the Chamber was the trademarks and stamps Law.
1852 – 167 merchants registered and more than 1400 industrial companies, with 8000 employees. The other viable branch was the commerce, fact recognized by the Boar of the Chamber “Brasov is an important point for raw materials import from Moldavia, Valachia and Turkish areas to Transylvania...”
Another initiative of the Chamber: specialized consultancy for start-up of businesses
Shortly after, the Chamber was named to solve disputes as arbitrator and so organizes a specialized office.
1852- The first 2 days economic exhibition on the occasion of Franz Iosif Emperor visit.
The main problem of the time: improvement of communication ways plus a direct link less with Danube ports; that’s why the Chamber insisted for construction of Oituz-Iasi, Turnu Rosu to Bucharest roads
1854- The first telegraph line linking Brasov to the rest world.
Railways- exclusiveness of the Chamber and a personal success of Karl Maager
The 60’ies – slowdown of Chambers activity, politics facts excelling those economics

 

Brasov Chamber’s evolution between 1868 and 1886

Excepting the 1872 Crisis the period is characterized by an economic improvement.
1868- a new legislative frame for the Chambers
In the 70’ies the Chamber was called to decide on the new system of measure and weight

 

The Chamber in the economic-social life of the area (1891-1901)

Proving flexibility the Chamber supports any kind of initiatives and sustain a harmonious economic development, where the middle-class must play an important role.
Agriculture: 1898 – by a direct support of the Chamber was established the Association of Saxon Agronomic Commercial Companies from Tara Barsei when all agricultural companies became members.
Industry: 1895 the Chamber deliver a list o proposals regarding the ways to prosper the industry.
Another problem for the Chamber: insufficient and skill-less labor force; the solution was to establish work offices, a German model, to provide a minimum qualification.

 

The Chamber between 1902 and 1914

Between 1902 and 1914 the Brasov Chamber of Commerce and Industry must face a difficult domestic and international situation, starting with the politic unrest that blocked the works of Hungarian Diet with its negative consequences for the social legislation to a long crisis, from annexing Bosnia and Herzegovina, involving the boycott of Austro-Hungarian goods and starting the Balkans wars (1912-1913).

 

The Chamber in the First World War period

The First World War determinate important changes into Brasov Chamber of Commerce activity; the Chamber works in the field of social problems.

 

The Chamber in the interwar period

Starting with 1925 arises the problem of reorganization of the Chambers.

 

Conclusions

No matter the politic regime, Brasov Chamber of Commerce and Industry proved to be at the high level of its mission.

No matter the politic regime, Brasov Chamber of Commerce and Industry proved to be at the high level of its mission.

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